- RESPIRATORY BACTERIA & VIRUSES
- SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION
- TROPICAL DISEASES
- IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE VIRUSES
- BLOOD-BORNE VIRUSES
- ENTERIC VIRUSES
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 is a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus which is capable of person-to-person transmission. COVID-19 has spread to more than 20 countries within a month it was declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020. It is genetically highly related to SARS and MERS coronaviruses.
So far, seven coronavirus species including COVID-19 are known to infect human. Four viruses, including 229E, OC43, NL63 and HKU1, typically cause a mild cold. However, people infected with the other three, including SARS, MERS and COVID-19, may develop acute and severe respiratory diseases, fever, cough and even death.
Influenza virus is a single stranded negative RNA virus which belong to the family of Orthomyxovirade. There are four known genera: Influenza A (FluA), Influenza B (FluB), Influenza C and Thogorovirus in which only FluA and FluB cause illness in human and remains one of the most crucial health problems throughout the world. An infection with FluA and FluB can sometimes cause pneumonia, which can be fatal particularly for the young and the elderly.
Sharing very similar respiratory symptoms to that of Influenza Virus, it has become apparent that a differential detection and diagnosis of the virus is crucial to control the pandemic, and mediate the right course of treatment for affected individuals.
The abTES™ Flu/ COVID-19 qPCR I Kit is a qualitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) kit which enables simultaneous detection of COVID19 (orf1a), FluA and FluB in a single reaction. It also includes detection of human housekeeping gene, GAPDH, as an Internal Control (IC) to monitor RNA extraction efficiency and potential PCR inhibitions from sample processing.